The Rosary: Primary Weapon of the Church Militant

Memorial of Our Lady of the Rosary

Today the Church celebrates the Memorial of Our Lady of the Rosary, a feast Pope Saint Pius V established in 1573. The purpose of the feast was to thank God for a Christian military victory over the Turks at the Battle of Lepanto on October 7, 1571.

We do not hesitate to affirm again publicly that we put great confidence in the Holy Rosary for the healing of evils of our times. — Pope Pius XII (1876–1958)

Rosary means crown of roses. Pope Saint John Paul II explains to us why we should pray the rosary every day:

  • From Mary we learn to surrender to God’s will in all things.
  • From Mary we learn to trust even when all hope seems gone.
  • From Mary we learn to love Christ her son and the Son of God.

Meditations on the Life of Christ

The Joyful Mysteries

Mystery Scripture Fruit of the Meditation
Annunciation: he whom thou didst conceive Luke 1:26–28
Matthew 1:18
Visitation: he whom thou didst carry while visiting Elizabeth Luke 1:39–45 Love of neighbor, generosity
Birth of Jesus: he whom thou didst give birth to Luke 2:6–12 Poverty and trust
Presentation: he whom thou didst present in the temple Luke 2:22–32 Obedience
Finding the Child Jesus in the Temple: he whom thou didst find in the temple Luke 2:41–50 Joy in finding Jesus

The Sorrowful Mysteries

Mystery Scripture Fruit of the Meditation
Agony in the Garden: he who sweated blood for us Luke 22:39–46 Sorrow for sin
Scourging at the Pillar: he who was scourged for us Matthew 27:26
Mark 15:6–15
John 19:1
Crowning With Thorns: he who was crowned with thorns for us Matthew 27:28–29 Courage
Carrying of the Cross: he who carried the cross for us John 19:1–8 Patience
Crucifixion: he who was crucified for us Luke 23:46
John 19:25–30

The Glorious Mysteries

Mystery Scripture Fruit of the Meditation
Resurrection: he who arose from the dead Mark 16:1–7 Faith
Ascension: he who ascended into heaven Luke 24:46–53
Mark 16:19
Descent of the Holy Spirit: he who sent the Holy Spirit Acts 2:1–7 Love of God
The Assumption: he who assumed thee into heaven Psalm 16:10
Judith 15:9–10
Grace of a happy death
The Coronation: He who crowned thee Queen of Heaven Revelation 12:1 Trust in Mary’s intercession

The Luminous Mysteries

Mystery Scripture Fruit of the Meditation
Baptism of Jesus: he who was baptized in the Jordan Matthew 3:13; 16–17
Mark 1:9
John 1:29
Openness to the Holy Spirit
Wedding at Cana: he who revealed himself at the wedding at Cana John 2:1–11 To Jesus through Mary
Proclaiming the Kingdom: he who announced the kingdom of God Matthew 10:7–8
Mark 1:15
Luke 10:8–11
Repentance and trust in God
Transfiguration: he who was transfigured Mark 9:2–9
Luke 9:29, 35
Desire for holiness
Institution of the Eucharist: he who instituted the Eucharist Matthew 26:26–29
Mark 14:22–24
Luke 22:15–20
John 6:27–59

Say the rosary every day to bring peace to the world and the end of war. — Our Lady of Fatima to Sister Lucia, 1917

Now, to appease the might of an outraged God and to bring that health of soul so needed by those who are sorely afflicted, there is nothing better than devout and persevering prayer, provided it be joined with a love for and practice of Christian life. And both of these, the spirit of prayer and the practice of Christian life, are best attained through the devotion of the Rosary of Mary. — Pope Leo XIII, On the Rosary, 1892


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